Surrogacy & Egg Donation: What to Know?

Об агенстве Aurora-Georgia
24.06.2024 Surrogacy & Egg Donation: What to Know?

Surrogacy is a form of assisted reproduction where a woman consents to carry and give birth to a child for another couple or individual who cannot conceive naturally.

Surrogacy agreements can be complex and typically require a legally binding contract between the surrogate and the intended parents. Despite the complexities and demands, surrogacy remains a viable option for many, offering the possibility of having a biological child. Historically, surrogacy has been practiced for centuries, though it was often stigmatized. Today, thanks to advancements in medical technology, surrogacy has become a respected and widely accepted option for building families.

Forms of Surrogacy

There are two main forms of surrogacy: Traditional and Gestational. Each has its distinct characteristics.

  • Traditional Surrogacy: In this type, the surrogate provides her own egg, making her the biological mother of the child. Conception usually involves sperm from the intended father or a donor through intrauterine insemination. This form, also known as genetic or full surrogacy, is less common due to its legal and emotional complexities.
  • Gestational Surrogacy: This is the most common type today, where the surrogate has no genetic link to the child. The embryo is created through IVF using eggs and sperm from the intended parents or donors. The embryo is then implanted into the surrogate, who carries the pregnancy to term. Most surrogacy agencies prefer this method due to its straightforward legal implications.

Surrogacy and Egg Donation in Georgia

Georgia has become a top destination for surrogacy and egg donation, thanks to significant investments in its healthcare system. This has led to the development of advanced medical facilities and an increase in medical tourism, particularly in the capital, Tbilisi.

Since legalizing surrogacy, IVF, and gamete donation in 1997, Georgia has attracted many international couples seeking these services. The law allows commercial surrogacy and ensures that the surrogate mother has no parental rights over the child. The intended parents are listed on the child’s birth certificate immediately after birth, regardless of the surrogate’s consent.

Egg and sperm donation are also permitted in Georgia, including non-anonymous donations, which is unique globally. Legal agreements overseen by a notary ensure that donors provide the agreed gametes and prevent any future claims to the child. Additionally, Georgian legislation can grant citizenship to children born via surrogacy, which is beneficial for parents facing complex nationality issues.

Understanding Guaranteed Egg Donation

Choosing an egg donor is a crucial and often emotional decision in the surrogacy process. Fertility agencies in Georgia assist intended parents by thoroughly screening donors to ensure they are healthy and well-qualified. Despite these precautions, there is still a chance that donors may not produce viable eggs.

To address this, agencies offer a “guaranteed egg donation” service. This program guarantees at least four embryos from the IVF process. If the egg donor produces fewer embryos or none result in pregnancy, the agency covers the cost of another IVF cycle, reducing the intended parents’ financial and emotional risks.

How the Guaranteed Egg Donation Program Works?

The cost for the guaranteed egg donation program typically ranges from $60,000 to $80,000, depending on the agency. The agency assumes the risk if fewer than four embryos are produced or if no pregnancy occurs. Eligibility for this program includes a thorough examination of the sperm used in the IVF process and the agency’s selection of a clinic in Georgia for fertilization and embryo creation.